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151890P.pdf   07/06/2016  United States  v.  Austin DeCoster
   U.S. Court of Appeals Case No:  15-1890
                          and No:  15-1891
   U.S. District Court for the Northern District of Iowa - Ft. Dodge   
[PUBLISHED] [Murphy, Author, with Beam and Gruender, Circuit Judges] Criminal case - Criminal law and sentencing. In a prosecution for violating 21 U.S.C. Sec. 331(a) for introducing eggs that had been adulterated with salmonella into interstate commerce, the court rejects defendants' Due Process Clause and Eighth Amendment constitutional challenges; the penalty for defendants' violation was relatively small - three months - and did not violate due process; both the language of the statute and relevant Supreme Court precedent support the conclusion that defendants are not required to know they violated the Act to be subject to statutory penalties; the sentences are not grossly disproportionate to the offense and do not violate the Eighth Amendment; the district court did not commit any procedural error in setting the sentences, and the sentences imposed were not substantially unreasonable. Judge Gruender, concurring. Judge Beam, dissenting.